My grandmother stored her bread in a breadbox on the counter. If I remember right my mother stored hers in a tupperware bread container. I currently store mine in the refrigerator due to living in FL, we can't eat it before it molds.
Our bread was kept in very large shortening cans. These sat under the kitchen work table. But bread did not last too long and our family had 3 uncles and 3 brothers, and was quickly eaten.
My grandmother had a little wooden box with a sliding roller door type bread box, but when it was on the table she always covered it with a a tea towel made out of linen or a voile cloth. Something like the one below. Love Chris
Seems like as a kid my mom just bought Wonder Bread and kept it on the counter. In my Mom's day they had a big family and made a Wash Boiler full of bread dough and made homemade bread. But I don't think it lasted them long. Know they did that at least once a week. She never said how it was stored...possibly in a bread cupboard.